Take 5 For Safety – Driving Tips Around Schools: Keeping Childern Safe

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Driving Tips Around Schools: Keeping Children Safe

The driving public, parents and caregivers who drive on campus and in neighborhoods near school can plan an important role in enhancing safety near schools by following safe driving practices. At arrival and dismissal times, drivers are often in a hurry and distracted which can lead to unsafe conditions for students and others walking, bicycling and driving in the area.

Drivers should always:
* Slow down and obey all traffic laws and speed limits, both in school zones and in neighborhoods surrounding the school.
* Comply with local school drop-off and pick-up procedures for the safety of all children accessing the school.
* Avoid double parking or stopping on crosswalks to let children out of the car. Double parking will block visibility for other children and other motorists. Visibility is further reduced during the rain and fog seasons when condensation forms on car windows.
* Avoid loading or unloading children at locations across the street from the school. This forces youngsters to unnecessarily cross busy streets—often mid-block rather than at a crosswalk.
* Prepare to stop for a school bus when overhead yellow lights are flashing. Drive with caution when you see yellow hazard warning lights are flashing on a moving or stopped bus.
* Stop for a school bus with its red overhead lights flashing, regardless of the direction from which the driver is approaching. Drivers must not proceed until the school bus resumes motion and the red lights stop flashing, or until signaled by the school bus driver to proceed.
* Watch for children walking or bicycling (both on the road and the sidewalk) in areas near a school.
* Watch for children playing and gathering near bus stops. Watch for children arriving late for the bus, who may dart into the street without looking for traffic.
* Watch for children walking or biking to school when backing up (out of a driveway or leaving a garage).

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Take 5 For Safety – Back to School Tips

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Back to School Tips

** School Zone Driving Safety Tips
————————————————————
* Be on the lookout for school zone signals and ALWAYS obey the speed limits.
* When entering a school zone, be sure to slow down and obey all traffic laws.
* Always stop for school busses that are loading or unloading children.
* Watch out for school crossing guards and obey their signals.
* Be aware of and watch out for children near schools, bus stops, sidewalks, in the streets, in school parking lots, etc.
* Never pass other vehicles while driving in a school zone.
* Never change lanes while driving in a school zone.
* Never make U-Turns while driving in a school zone.
* Never text while driving in a school zone.
* Avoid using a cell phone, unless it is completely hands-free, while driving in a school zone.
* Unless licensed to do so, never use handicap or emergency vehicle lanes or spaces to drop off or pick up children at school.

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Take 5 For Safety – Slips, Trips and Falls

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Slips, Trips and Falls

According to the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, slip, trip and fall injuries have represented over 35% of all occupational injuries since 2002. Many of these injuries are caused by unsafe behaviors or decisions, and failure to correct unsafe conditions when they are recognized. Review the following list of tips to help reduce the number of these hazards in your workplace.

Tips to Reduce Slip, Trip and Fall Hazards:

* Clean slip hazards on walking and working surfaces such as water, ice, snow, oil and grease.
* Repair leaking equipment, awnings and shelters immediately.
* Wear shoes that have good tread and are made of non-slip material (rubber).
* Watch where you are going while walking—pay attention and do not get distracted. Reading, writing, texting and similar tasks while walking is not safe behavior.
* Always familiarize yourself with the work area and activities before starting.
* Pick up hoses, cords, chains and other similar hazards immediately after use and safely store them. Install retractable hose and cord reels if possible.
* Maintain 3 points of contact when climbing ladders and stairs. Use handrails.
* Inspect walkways before lifting and carrying something if your visibility to the ground is going to be obstructed.
* Pick up and properly dispose of banding and straps when unpackaging materials and supplies.
* Apply non-slip tape to handrails, steps and walking surfaces if necessary.
* Pick up and safely store brooms, shovels and tools. Do not lean them against a vertical surface because they can fall over and become a trip hazards.
* Routinely inspect the condition of handrails and guards.
* Always use fall protection if there is any possibility that you could be injured by a fall from your work area.

Questions to Generate Discussion:
* What behaviors cause the greatest risk of slip, trip and fall hazards in your workplace?
* What are some safe ways to properly store hoses, cords, brooms, shovels and other trip hazards?

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Take 5 For Safety – Crane Safety

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Crane Safety

General info
The following applies to all types of cranes, including mobile cranes, overhead or gantry cranes and jib cranes. It is important to understand the characteristics and methods to operate your crane safely. The U.S. Department of Labor cites an average of 82 deaths per year due to crane accidents at construction sites alone. Do not become the next statistic. Review these safety tips prior to operating your crane.

Crane Safety Tips:

Know the rated load limitations of your crane and the weight of the load to be lifted and moved. Do not move the load if the weight is uncertain.
* When calculating the weight of the load, consider internal fluids or objects within the load that could increase the weight.
* Understand the reach and travel limits of the crane before moving the load to avoid extra handling, sudden stops and uncontrolled load swings.
* If required, ensure rigging and cribbing is adequate to support the load. Attach eye-bolts or other latching devices to the loads’ strongest structural members.
* Avoid lifting the load from the side to prevent sudden impacts on the crane.
* Ensure the load is in static and not dynamic state. That is, inspect the load for additional forces applied to it other than the vertical upward force of the crane. Unforeseen forces on the load could create a sudden jerk or impact on the crane and introduce more safety hazards or damage.
* Never use the crane to pull or drag the load across the ground or floor. This introduces frictional forces that could exceed the rated crane load capacity.
* When using mobile cranes, ensure it is stable enough to move the load without tipping or over-turning. This is one of the most hazardous conditions when using mobile cranes. If required, use stabilizing bars or outriggers to provide the necessary resistance.
* For heavy and awkwardly-shaped loads, use tag lines to help guide the load.
* Always wear the proper PPE before using cranes, including eye protection and steel-toed shoes with metatarsal guards.
Reprinted courtesy of Stellar Industries, Inc.

Questions to Generate Discussion:
* What is the difference between a static and dynamic load? Which load is safer?
* What is the most dangerous safety hazard related to mobile cranes?

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Take 5 For Safety – How To Address Substance Abuse

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How To Address Substance Abuse

The Dangers

– Substance abuse on the job can be an immediate hazard to the user and to co-workers.

– Certain drugs can cause drowsiness.

– Some drugs affect thinking ability and impair motor skills and reaction times.

– Substance abuse can lead to the loss of a job, family, friends, or even life.

Assistance and Awareness

– Establish an employee assistance program that promotes voluntary rehabilitation.

– Educate employees on the effects of substance abuse.

– Promote a zero tolerance policy in the workplace.

Drug Testing

– Screen all new hires for drug levels.

– Implement random testing of all employees.

– Enforce mandatory testing for all employees involved in accidents.

– Conduct tests if there is reasonable suspicion of substance abuse.

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Take 5 For Safety – How To Clean Large Equipment Windshields

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How to Clean Large Equipment Windshields

Overview

Maintaining a clear view of your work area is critical to operator safety, machine performance and overall efficiency of the tasks at hand. Blind spots, work area obstructions, and dirty windshields all contribute to poor visibility of the work area when operating heavy equipment.

In many cases, cleaning the windshield on mobile equipment can be a hazardous task and requires good planning before starting. Slipping, tripping, falling and overreaching are all possible hazards. Follow the guidelines listed below to help ensure this task is completed in a safe manner.

Procedure for cleaning the windshield

 Determine the supplies you’ll need to get the job done. Those may include spray bottles of window cleaner, rags, de-icer (for cold weather conditions) and squeegees (flat rubber blades on a handle).

 Before accessing the cleaning area, determine where you will stand and where supplies will be placed. Ensure walking and working surfaces, as well as steps and rails, are clear of obstructions and slip hazards.

 If climbing is required to access the cleaning area, make sure that 3 points of contact are always maintained.

 Place the supplies on platforms or shelves on the equipment while climbing up or down. Do not attempt to carry them.

 Spray the cleaner and wipe clean with the squeegee, starting at the top and working down. Remove stubborn spots with rags. Use care not to scratch Plexiglas surfaces.

o NOTE: if the standing platform is slippery or small, and creates a potential slip or fall hazard, attempt to find a way to clean the windshield from the ground. You may need to use a window washer on a telescoping pole to reach the machine windows. If the cleaning area is unguarded and above ground level, fall arrest or fall restraint PPE is required.

 Finish by spraying de-icer if working in cold weather conditions

Questions to Generate Discussion
* What equipment in your work area is most hazardous while cleaning the windshield? What can be done to make the job safer?

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Take 5 For Safety – How To Keep Haul Roads Safe

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How To Keep Haul Roads Safe

TOPIC: How To Keep Haul Roads Safe

Do Your Part

– Stop and clear debris from roadways whenever it is safe to do so.

– If stopping is not safe, inform others of the location of large rocks, spills, or other loose materials so they can be cleaned at a safer time.

– Maintain work area if working near the roadway.

– Properly load haulage equipment to avoid spillage.

– Injury to the operator.

– Damage to equipment.

– Bouncing of mobile equipment.

– Material spillage.

– Projectile rocks – When large tires run over rocks, they can send

Level Roadways

Grade roadways as level as possible. Unlevel haul roads can lead to any of the following:

Beware of Rocks

If not cleared from haul roads, rocks can be a major occupational hazard, causing:

them long distances, endangering anyone around.

– Loss of control – When machines and equipment navigate over loose rock, operators have a much greater chance of losing control.

– Equipment damage – In general, rocks can cause serious damage

– to tires and other mobile equipment.

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Take 5 For Safety – Using Personal Fall Arrest Systems

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Using Personal Fall Arrest Systems

TOPIC: Using personal fall arrest systems and tie-off points correctly

“Tie-off’ means the act of an employee, wearing personal fall protection equipment, connecting directly or indirectly to an anchorage. It also means the condition of an employee being connected to an anchorage. Lifelines shall be secured above the point of operation to an anchorage or structural member capable of supporting a minimum dead weight of 5,400 pounds. Never use hoists or guardrails as anchors; they are not built to withstand the forces generated by a fall.

Determining Where to Tie-Off

– Personal fall arrest systems shall be rigged such that an employee can neither free fall more than six feet (1.8 m), nor contact any lower level.

– Be able to bring an employee to a complete stop and limit maximum deceleration distance an employee travels to 3.5 feet (1.07 m); and have sufficient strength to withstand twice the potential impact energy of an employee free falling a distance of six feet (1.8 m), or the free fall distance permitted by the system, whichever is less. (Cited from 29CFR1910.66)

– Be sure to read and understand the applicable standard from your local government

Using Personal Fall Arrest Systems

– Always inspect lanyards, lifelines, and harnesses before using them

– Plan where you are going to anchor before work begins

– Avoid tying knots in lanyards and lifelines

• Knots can reduce lifeline or lanyard strength by 50% or more.

• Never use knots for tying of to the anchor; use a locking snap hook that is designed for tying off.

– Be cautious with eyebolt connections

• The strength of the eyebolt is greatly reduced when force is applied at an angle to the lengthwise axis of the eyebolt.

– Avoid falls that cause you to swing

• Always work directly under the anchor point; you can potentially hit something at the lower level while you are swinging.

– Always avoid tying lifelines or lanyards directly to an I-beam or guardrails

• I-beams can reduce the rope strength by 70% due to the sharp edges.

• Guardrails are not built to withstand the forces generated by a fall.

 Anchor Point

– The anchor provides a secure point of attachment for the lifeline, lanyard, or deceleration device

– Anchor points must support a minimum of 5000 pounds

 
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